2022 World Cup group tiebreakers: What happens when teams are level on points

The group stage on the 2022 World Cup is in full swing, as 16 groups look to win a spot within the knockout bracket.

– World Cup 2022: Information and options | Schedule | Squads

The highest two in every group will qualify for the spherical of 16, however how are the groups separated within the desk? That is the way it works.

Situations: What each workforce must get by way of the group stage

1. Group factors

That is the simple one. Groups are first ordered by whole factors from their three matches. It is 3 factors for a win, 1 factors for a draw and 0 for a defeat.

2. Group purpose distinction

In contrast to in UEFA competitions just like the Champions League, head-to-head document is not the following tiebreaker. It is simply primary group purpose distinction — the web whole of objectives scored minus objectives conceded.

3. Group objectives scored

If purpose distinction is similar, the workforce with essentially the most objectives scored within the group stage will likely be ranked highest.

That is the place it begins to get a bit extra difficult.

4. Head-to-head document

If groups have an similar group document for factors, purpose distinction and objectives scored, we transfer on to face to face to separate them.

If two groups similar

That is easy, as you have a look at the results of that one group sport. Did considered one of two groups win that match? If that’s the case, they are going to be ranked highest. If it was a draw, we transfer immediately on to level 5 to separate them.

If three groups similar

That is extra difficult, as you’ll be able to’t simply use particular person outcomes as a result of there’s three matches to have in mind. Successfully, you create a mini-league of simply the three video games involving the three nations.

This mini league is ranked by
4a) factors
4b) purpose distinction
4c) objectives scored

If solely two groups are nonetheless stage on the finish of this stage, direct head-to-head is not utilized and these two groups alone transfer to level 5. The third workforce is now locked in place.

If all three groups are nonetheless stage, the order is determined by level 5.

If all 4 groups similar

It will not be potential to separate them on face to face and the group could be selected level 5.

5. Truthful play document

If any groups nonetheless have an similar document after the head-to-head stage, positions are determined by truthful play document.

– yellow card: minus 1 level
– oblique pink card: minus 3 factors
– direct pink card: minus 4 factors
– yellow card and direct pink card: minus 5 factors

Solely one of many above deductions is utilized to a participant in a single match.

The workforce with essentially the most factors is ranked highest.

The one time truthful play document has been wanted to separate groups got here on the 2018 World Cup.

– Japan and Senegal had been stage in second with 4 factors
– Each had a purpose distinction of zero
– Each had scored 4 objectives
– So it got here to truthful play, with Japan on -4, Senegal on -6.

6. Drawing of tons

If it is nonetheless stage after truthful play factors are tallied, the one step left is drawing of tons.

Mainly, this can be a random draw made by a member of the World Cup organising committee who is not from one of many international locations. It will be a public draw, with two balls positioned right into a pot. The primary workforce drawn out would be the highest ranked.

This was wanted on the 1990 World Cup, with truthful play not launched as a tiebreaker till after the 2014 version.

Republic of Eire (2nd) and Netherlands (third) completed with similar information and a draw was wanted to determine group place — although each international locations had certified for the spherical of 16.

Drawing of tons might happen for any of the important thing positions, together with who finishes first and second to find out the trail of the knockout bracket.

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