SIPRI: Ukraine war is not all good news for arms industry – DW – 12/05/2022

The world’s prime 100 arms producers continued to extend gross sales in 2021, however provide chain points have slowed development within the sector, in line with a brand new report from the Stockholm Worldwide Peace Analysis Institute (SIPRI).

Shortages brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic performed a task in stifling development to 1.9% in 2021 in comparison with 2020, the report printed on Monday famous. SIPRI predicted that the struggle in Ukraine may trigger comparable issues for the trade within the close to to medium time period.

What the report predicted on Ukraine

Whereas each Russia’s invasion and Ukraine and the West’s response have pushed up demand for weapons, in addition they have left producers going through challenges in sourcing uncooked supplies and elements. 

SIPRI, a world institute that focuses on analysis into battle, armaments, arms management and disarmament, famous that Russia is a serious provider of uncooked supplies utilized in arms manufacturing.

“This might hamper ongoing efforts in america and Europe to strengthen their armed forces and to replenish their stockpiles after sending billions of {dollars} value of ammunition and different gear to Ukraine,” the report stated.

Though Russian firms are growing manufacturing due to the struggle, the SIPRI report famous that they’ve had issue accessing semiconductors. Firms are additionally being impacted by war-related sanctions, as an illustration in terms of receiving funds.

“Growing output takes time,” stated Diego Lopes da Silva, SIPRI senior researcher. “If provide chain disruptions proceed, it might take a number of years for a number of the primary arms producers to fulfill the brand new demand created by the Ukraine struggle.”

Who income from the worldwide arms commerce?

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What occurred in 2021

The report’s principal focus was on trade patterns in 2021, when it discovered provide chain points associated to the pandemic appeared to gradual development. 

“We would have anticipated even higher development in arms gross sales in 2021 with out persistent provide chain points,” stated Lucie Beraud-Sudreau, director of the SIPRI navy expenditure and arms manufacturing program. “Each bigger and smaller arms firms stated that their gross sales had been affected through the 12 months. Some firms, equivalent to Airbus and Normal Dynamics, additionally reported labor shortages.”

North America

Firms in america dominated the record of prime 100 arms suppliers, with 40 of the corporations being based mostly there. Additionally they took greater than half of gross sales, $299 billion (€284 billion) out of a  international complete of $592 billion. Since 2018, the highest 5 firms within the prime 100 have been based mostly in america.

North America was the one area to see a drop in arms gross sales in comparison with 2020. The 0.8% real-terms decline was partly because of excessive inflation within the US economic system throughout 2021. 


For 2021, 27 of the highest 100 arms suppliers had been headquartered in Europe. The area noticed mixed arms gross sales enhance by 4.2% in comparison with 2020, totaling $123 billion.

Whereas it was a worthwhile 12 months for shipbuilders, plane producers within the area didn’t fare so effectively. 

“Many of the European firms focusing on navy aerospace reported losses for 2021, which they blamed on provide chain disruptions,” stated Lorenzo Scarazzato, a researcher with SIPRI. “In distinction, European shipbuilders appear to have been much less affected by the pandemic fallout and had been in a position to enhance their gross sales in 2021.”

With arms gross sales of $4.5 billion, Rheinmetall (ranked thirty first) remained the biggest arms firm in Germany. Nevertheless, its arms gross sales fell by 1.7% in 2021 because of the pandemic and provide chain disruptions.

US unveils new stealth bomber

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Mixed arms gross sales of the 21 firms in Asia and Oceania included within the prime 100 reached $136 billion in 2021 — a 5.8% enhance over 2020. The eight Chinese language arms firms within the itemizing had complete arms gross sales of $109 billion, a 6.3% enhance. 

These embrace China’s CSSC, now the largest navy shipbuilder on the earth, with arms gross sales of $11.1 billion, after a merger between two current firms.

Mixed arms gross sales of the 4 South Korean firms within the prime 100 grew by 3.6% in contrast with 2020, reaching $7.2 billion. They included a 7.6% rise in gross sales for the cross-sector conglomerate Hanwha, which is predicted to see additional development after a serious arms cope with Poland that adopted Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

It was the primary 12 months by which a Taiwanese agency, NCSIST, which focuses on missiles and navy electronics, has appeared on the record — with arms gross sales of $2 billion.

Russia and the Center East

Six Russian firms had been included within the prime 100 for 2021 with gross sales that totaled $17.8 billion — a rise of 0.4% over 2020. SIPRI famous that, forward of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, there have been indicators that stagnation was widespread throughout the Russian arms trade.

The 5 firms based mostly within the Center East generated $15.0 billion in arms gross sales in 2021. This was a 6.5% enhance in contrast with 2020, the quickest tempo of development of all areas represented within the High 100.

Edited by: Sean Sinico


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